The word giclée was appropriated by Jack Duganne, a printmaker working at Nash Editions. In 1989 while searching for fine art output for his scanned images, Graham Nash (of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young) was introduced to digital print technology when viewing a demonstration of the IRIS 3047 graphics printer used in the commercial printing industry. With the help of Jack Duganne, the concept of the first fine art digital printmaking studio was created. On July 1, 1991, Nash Editions opened its doors in Manhattan Beach, CA. Duganne wanted a name for the new type of prints they were producing on the IRIS printer, and he was specifically looking for a word that would not have the negative connotations of “inkjet” or “computer generated”. It is based on the French word gicleur, which means “nozzle” (the verb form gicler means “to squirt, spurt, or spray.
These two images demonstrate the difference between a giclee limited edition print on canvas (left image) and a standard reproduction (right image). In giclee printing, no screen or other mechanical devices are used and therefore there is no visible dot screen pattern. The image has all the tonalities and hues of the original painting. By 2003 Epson wide-format printers replaced the IRIS 3047 graphics printers. The original IRIS 3047 graphics printer purchased by Graham Nash, now resides in the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History.
A giclée can be printed on a wide variety of substrates including various textures and finishes including watercolor paper, cotton canvas. The term “Giclee print” represents an elevation in printmaking technology. Images are generated from high resolution digital scans and printed with archival quality inks onto various substrates including canvas, fine art, and photo-base paper. The Giclee printing process provides better colour accuracy than other means of reproduction. Archival quality ensures that the prints are light-fast and non water soluble. Giclees are commonly found in museums, art galleries, and photographic galleries.
All of the Giclees represented on this website are printed using a 24 inch wide format Epson printer with Pigmented Inks on 100% rag paper. Each print is signed and numbered and is accompanied by a certificate of authenticity. To view all editions currently available, please visit the Limited Edition Gallery.